Rehabilitation

Rehabilitation

1945

November: Aristides de Sousa Mendes presents a claim before the National Assembly against his sentence for not having obeyed instructions which he considers unconstitutional as such instructions involved violation of freedom and inviolability of beliefs guaranteed by the Constitution.

1954

3 April: Aristides de Sousa Mendes dies in Lisbon.

1967

9 October: New York, the Consul-General of Israel gives Joana de Sousa Mendes (daughter) the Yad Vashem Gold Medal of the Just in memory of Aristides de Sousa Mendes, the only Portuguese to have been awarded such an honour.

Jerusalem, the Yad Vashem Museum – Memorial to the Victims of the Holocaust paid tribute to Aristides de Sousa Mendes by planting a tree in his memory in the Forest of Martyrs.

1974

12 August: Joana Sousa Mendes presents a petition to rehabilitate the honoured memory of her father and for reparation for moral and material damages unjustly caused by the Foreign Ministry.

1976

7 May: a dispatch of the Minister for Foreign Affairs determines that the subject of the petition presented by Joana Sousa Mendes must be dealt with urgently.

June: following said dispatch, Nuno Bessa Lopes, a diplomat working in the Legal Department of the Foreign Ministry submits a report proposing the posthumous reintegration and reclassification (promotion) of Aristides de Sousa Mendes. The heirs were to receive the benefits thereof, publication of “white papers” on the subject, a posthumous decoration and public redress following a resolution of the Assembly of the Republic. The report was only made public ten years later.

1986

In Cabanas de Viriato, Aristides de Sousa Mendes’s home town, a “Committee of Homage to the Consul Aristides de Sousa Mendes” was created.

1987

Washington, Portuguese Embassy, President of the Republic Mário Soares gives the Order of Liberty (Officer) to the family of Aristides de Sousa Mendes.

1988

19 March: the Assembly of the Republic approves a draft law submitted by Member of Parliament, Jaime Gama of the Socialist Party, officially rehabilitating Aristides de Sousa Mendes.

16 April: Diário da República (Official Government Gazette) publishes the act posthumously reintegrating Aristides de Sousa Mendes in the diplomatic career, with promotion to Ambassador.

1990

The city of Montreal (Canada) names a park in its city center after Aristides de Sousa Mendes.

1993

24 January: on RTP Canal 2 (a State owned TV Network), “Sinais do Tempo” program exhibits a documentary called: “The Wronged Consul”, about Aristides de Sousa Mendes, by Diana Andringa, Teresa Olga and Fátima Cavaco.

8 June: the President of the Republic, Mário Soares, unveils a plaque to Aristides de Sousa Mendes in the Lisbon Synagogue.

1994

29 May: Bordeaux, Resistance Garden, the President of the Republic, Mário Soares, unveiled a bust of Aristides de Sousa Mendes offered by the resident Portuguese community. Bordeaux names one of its streets and a large high school after Aristides de Sousa Mendes. The French TV channel France 3 shows “The Wronged Consul”.

May: Israel, Negev Desert, the “Aristides de Sousa Mendes Forest”, of 10 000 trees, was planted.

1995

23 March: Lisbon, the Pro Dignitate Foundation, presided by Dr. Maria de Jesus Barroso, organized a National Tribute to Aristides de Sousa Mendes in the presence of the President of the Republic, Mário Soares. During the ceremony Aristides de Sousa Mendes was posthumously awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Christ.

25 March Lisbon, the Pro Dignitate Foundation and Metropolitano de Lisboa pay tribute to Aristides de Sousa Mendes with a plaque by João Cutileiro, in Parque Subway Station.

1998

17 November: Strasbourg, the European Parliament pays tribute to Aristides de Sousa Mendes awarding him an important medal/decoration.

1999

April: Rio de Janeiro, the Municipality awards Aristides de Sousa Mendes the City Decoration.

May: Cabanas de Viriato, the President of the Republic, Jorge Sampaio, pays tribute to Aristides de Sousa Mendes.

18 June: Viseu, the AVIS association organizes a Conference to Honour Aristides de Sousa Mendes. In Cabanas de Viriato, next to the mausoleum where he was lain to rest, Dom António Monteiro, Bishop of Viseu, publicly asks pardon in the name of the Church hierarchy for refusing to help Aristides de Sousa Mendes and his family when asked.

2000

23 February: Lisbon, notarial deed setting up the Aristides de Sousa Mendes Foundation.

27 March: Lisbon, Necessidades Palace, Jaime Gama, Minister of Foreign Affairs, donates 220 thousand dollars to the Aristides de Sousa Mendes Foundation.